20 Most Endangered Species on Earth

There are millions of animal species in the planet earth. There were even more, millions of years ago, dinosaurs roamed around the earth, but climatic and other geographical changes caused their extinction. The trend has not stopped yet. Still there are more animal extinctions about to take place. Here are the 20 most endangered species on Earth.

  1. Polar bear

Polar Bear

 

The warming of Arctic region is primarily the cause of threat to the habitat of Polar Bears. If the pace of the climatic change in the article region continues, there is a possibility that Polar Bears will eventually die out and the extinction will rather begin soon.

  1. Magellanic penguin

Magellanic Penguin

The feeding place of these species of penguins is undergoing a transformation due to the change in ocean currents. The ocean currents are now warmer than before, forcing fish to move away, which is also making penguins move to other faraway places. It is resulting in many penguins being washed away by the waves.

  1. Bluefin Tuna

Blue Fin Tuna

Do you eat Sushi? The best Sushi food is made out of Bluefin Tuna. It is found in the Mediterranean, and also at the Atlantic. This species is killed for food, which is why it is on the verge of extinction.

  1. Mountain Gorilla

mountain-gorilla

With just over estimated 700 on the planet, scientists assume that this species may well be moving to the path of extinction. War in the Congo region in Africa, the resting place of these Mountain Gorillas has led to a major decrease in the numbers.

  1. Javan Rhinoceros

Javan Rhinoceros

This breed of Rhinoceros stay in Vietnam, and scientists say that they are no more than 12 in numbers. The conversion of forest to farmland has forced this species to stand at the brink of extinction.

  1. Giant Panda

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Giant pandas live in China, and somehow, these Pandas are now spread in at least 20 different regions across the country. The developing China has no room for this animal in many areas. Local population increased dependency in the forest region has led to the decline in the population of Giant Pandas.

  1. Addax

addax

 

The Sahara region has the presence of Addax. It is also known as White Antelope. The slowness of Addax has been the real cause of its declining number, as it is an easy prey for stronger animals.

  1. Island Fox

Island Fox

These foxes are indeed beautiful. They are colourful. They live in California and are only around 700 in total. These foxes also have sub species. Their name is derived from the fact that these foxes live in the islands of California.

  1. Bactrian Camel

Bactrian Camel

Bactrian Camels have two humps. It is estimated that there are only around 800 present on Earth. These Camels live in Mongolia and China, but are also seen in the Indian subcontinent and Russia.

  1. Philippine Eagle

Philippine Eagle

This species of Eagle is the national bird of Philippines. They are also called Monkey eating Eagles, due to its love for preying on Monkeys. Deforestation in the country has led to a huge decline in their population. Their population is said to be near 500.

  1. California Condor

California Condor

As the name suggests, it is found in California, but can also be seen in Arizona and Utah areas. This species is popular for namely two reasons. The first is their wingspan, which is 3 meters long. Secondly, the bird lives for more than 60 years. The population has declined considerably over the last few years, with numbers closed to around 400.

  1. Amur Leopard

Amur Leopard

The reason why this breed of leopard is in decline is poaching. Amur Leopard is found in Russia, and Russians poach Amur for its skin.

  1. Sumatran Rhinoceros

Sumatran Rhinos

Sumatran Rhinoceros is the smallest of all the Rhinoceros breeds. They are rare, and are said to be only around 250 in numbers.

  1. Brazilian Merganser

Brazilian Merganser

They are only seen in Brazil, however, some of these have also been found in Argentina. They resemble Pigeons or even ducks. Brazilian Merganser is only numbered around 250. Their decline is possibly due to two main reasons, farming and mining.

  1. Kakapo

Kakapo

Kakapo is a kind of Parrot. It has a yellowish green colour. This bird cannot fly, and perhaps, it is the only parrot that cannot fly. All the other breeds of parrot can fly. It is seen in New Zealand. This creature is lovely because it has a unique color and has a freakish beak. There is a whisker present right below the beak, and that makes it unique. There is not even 150 Kakapo’s present in the wild.

  1. Hawaiian Crow

Hawaiian Crow

As the name suggests, this crow is only found in Hawaii, but is considered a highly endangered species. The local Hawaiian people call it as “Aumaka’. There are now just a little over 100 Hawaiian crows present in the region.

  1. Arakan forest Turtle

Arakan forest Turtle

The name of this turtle is derived from the Arakan hills. Arakan hills are located in Myanmar. This turtle is found in the Arakan hilly region. Arakan Forest Turtle is quite rare. It was assumed that Arakan Forest Turtle were wiped out in the early part of the 20th century, but again the researchers found the turtle in 1994. There are not even 100 present in the planet at this point of time.

  1. Axoloti

Axoloti

It is a fish, and highly endangered. Axoloti is also known as white monster due to its proximity to white colour. This fish salamander is unique due to its ability to regenerate. It is highly wanted by the researchers.

  1. Pacific Walrus

Pacific Walrus

The melting of Arctic ice has been the cause of many animal extinction. Pacific Walrus has been suffering from the melt down. Since Walrus needs floating ice to give birth and nest calves, lack of such opportunities are leading this Walrus to the path of extinction.

  1. Siamese Crocodile

Siamese Crocodile

They are now only 70 present in South East Asia. They have declined in numbers due to unclean water. People grab forest land and turn it into farmland. The use of pesticides in these lands results in unclean water, and that’s how they are dying out.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conserving New Zealand’s Wildlife

the-kiwiNew Zealand has been known for its natural environment and wildlife. Millions across the globe visit this place to experience the untouched nature and many landscapes that are still in their timeless form. On the other hand, there are many wildlife lovers that come here and make sure that they have some great time with the animals and birds here that are a part of the nature. However, with the increase in development and many other issues New Zealand has saw loss of species and the country has quickly realized that they need to conserve the nature and the wildlife in a better way so that they can live in harmony with nature and wildlife in the future as well.

Deforestation in New Zealand

While we consider that New Zealand has practically no problems in terms of wildlife protection, but the fact is that the country has already been facing many challenges to sustain wildlife in its pure form. One of the biggest challenges for the government and nature lovers is deforestation. Currently more than 11.9 million hectares of agricultural land has been cleared and that represents almost 44% of the total land area of New Zealand. This is mainly because of the growing population and many people willing to reside here in the country. Although, the country has Forestry Rights Registration Act 1983, but it has not been able to protect the forest and agricultural land in New Zealand. This has not just affected the humans, but the wildlife as well as the animals do not get the right natural environment that they should get.

Wildlife Smuggling in New Zealand

New Zealand has a number of rare and endangered species and therefore smuggling is one of the issues that the country has been facing. There are many cases of wildlife smuggling and there are groups and organizations that seriously focus on how they can curb this without impacting the tourism in the country. In 1997, more than 600 Australian birds were being smuggled through New Zealand and moved further to Europe and the United States. There are strict laws in New Zealand to ensure that perpetrators are taken to the court of law for their offenses.

Protected Areas in New Zealand

To protect the wildlife there are many national parks and regional parks that are being opened up to ensure that the wildlife in New Zealand is safe and secure. There are both private and public protected areas in the country that is used to protect and conserve the wildlife. The Department of Conservation is mainly responsible for the conservation of wildlife in New Zealand and they make sure that they do it with the right way. New Zealand has 14 national parks that offer land area of 25,000 square kilometers and conservation parks that offer 18,000 square kilometer space. There are more than 3500 square kilometer space of reserves for the wildlife and 19 marine reserves that are dedicated for conserving the marine species and life underwater. There are various projects that are undertaken that focus on how people can support the wildlife and ensure that they preserve the natural environment for the wildlife.

Conservation Efforts in New Zealand

There is no doubt that more and more environmental groups are now forming up all over the country that are joining hands to ensure that the natural environment for the wildlife is re-established. Hence, there is a lot happening where groups and organizations are now volunteering more people and kids where they not just provide education, but also focus on how wildlife and marine life can be preserved in the future. On the other hand, New Zealand government has also come up with various funding for conservation efforts along with other NGOs and private individuals. Currently, the Community Conservation Fund and The Natural Heritage Fund are both funded by the local government. To encourage more people to support the wildlife conservation there are many awards that have been declared that focus on empowering people to do their bit for the nature in their country. Various activist groups have also emerged on the national scene to ensure that conservation efforts are carried out in the right way to protect the wildlife in New Zealand.