New Zealand has been known for its natural environment and wildlife. Millions across the globe visit this place to experience the untouched nature and many landscapes that are still in their timeless form. On the other hand, there are many wildlife lovers that come here and make sure that they have some great time with the animals and birds here that are a part of the nature. However, with the increase in development and many other issues New Zealand has saw loss of species and the country has quickly realized that they need to conserve the nature and the wildlife in a better way so that they can live in harmony with nature and wildlife in the future as well.
Deforestation in New Zealand
While we consider that New Zealand has practically no problems in terms of wildlife protection, but the fact is that the country has already been facing many challenges to sustain wildlife in its pure form. One of the biggest challenges for the government and nature lovers is deforestation. Currently more than 11.9 million hectares of agricultural land has been cleared and that represents almost 44% of the total land area of New Zealand. This is mainly because of the growing population and many people willing to reside here in the country. Although, the country has Forestry Rights Registration Act 1983, but it has not been able to protect the forest and agricultural land in New Zealand. This has not just affected the humans, but the wildlife as well as the animals do not get the right natural environment that they should get.
Wildlife Smuggling in New Zealand
New Zealand has a number of rare and endangered species and therefore smuggling is one of the issues that the country has been facing. There are many cases of wildlife smuggling and there are groups and organizations that seriously focus on how they can curb this without impacting the tourism in the country. In 1997, more than 600 Australian birds were being smuggled through New Zealand and moved further to Europe and the United States. There are strict laws in New Zealand to ensure that perpetrators are taken to the court of law for their offenses.
Protected Areas in New Zealand
To protect the wildlife there are many national parks and regional parks that are being opened up to ensure that the wildlife in New Zealand is safe and secure. There are both private and public protected areas in the country that is used to protect and conserve the wildlife. The Department of Conservation is mainly responsible for the conservation of wildlife in New Zealand and they make sure that they do it with the right way. New Zealand has 14 national parks that offer land area of 25,000 square kilometers and conservation parks that offer 18,000 square kilometer space. There are more than 3500 square kilometer space of reserves for the wildlife and 19 marine reserves that are dedicated for conserving the marine species and life underwater. There are various projects that are undertaken that focus on how people can support the wildlife and ensure that they preserve the natural environment for the wildlife.
Conservation Efforts in New Zealand
There is no doubt that more and more environmental groups are now forming up all over the country that are joining hands to ensure that the natural environment for the wildlife is re-established. Hence, there is a lot happening where groups and organizations are now volunteering more people and kids where they not just provide education, but also focus on how wildlife and marine life can be preserved in the future. On the other hand, New Zealand government has also come up with various funding for conservation efforts along with other NGOs and private individuals. Currently, the Community Conservation Fund and The Natural Heritage Fund are both funded by the local government. To encourage more people to support the wildlife conservation there are many awards that have been declared that focus on empowering people to do their bit for the nature in their country. Various activist groups have also emerged on the national scene to ensure that conservation efforts are carried out in the right way to protect the wildlife in New Zealand.